Composition techniques

Composition techniques

Composition techniques

Composition techniques

Composition techniques

My New PowerShot G7 X, Guide 1:
Taking better pictures

Welcome to the Canon PowerShot guide series, your first steps to understanding your new Canon PowerShot G7 X and towards taking better pictures. If you are just starting out with photography it might seem like there is a lot to take in, but don’t worry as each of the elements is simple and there are plenty of ways that you can start using and enjoying your camera right away.

In this first guide we will introduce you to Composition, a simple way to add interest to your images and develop your photography (see What is composition?). Using these tips and tricks your photography will improve naturally, so load the battery, insert a memory card and start clicking!

At the end of this guide we suggest some ideas to try out for yourself. Share your results on our Canon Facebook page using #MyNewCanon #Composition, set up especially so you can compare your photos with other new Canon PowerShot owners.

Download your app

The Canon Camera Connect app links your camera to your Apple or Android device. Download your images so that they can be easily shared, and turn your phone into a remote control for your camera.

Getting started

A great way to start taking pictures is to plan a photo outing so you can get to know your camera; a local park, interesting building or beauty spot is perfect.

Don't worry if you are unfamiliar with all of the settings on your camera; we will be looking more closely at these in later guides. For now, try setting the camera to the green "AUTO" on the camera’s Mode dial. This sets up the camera automatically so you can jump straight in. 

Taking better pictures - Canon

It can help to have an idea what kind of pictures you want to take before you set out. You could consider landscape, architecture, detail, etc. Have a look on the web at what other photographers have taken at the same location to give you a few ideas.

When out shooting, spend some time just looking around to see what draws your attention. You don’t have to start taking pictures straight away; photography is the art of capturing what you see, so start looking out for what might make an interesting photo. Do remember to keep your camera to hand and switched on so you don't miss a great shot. If you haven’t pressed a button for a while your camera will switch the screen off to save power, but a light tap on the shutter button will wake it. If the lens retracts the camera has switched off, you’ll need to press the ON/OFF button to switch it back on.

Taking better pictures - Canon

The picture above was taking from a standing position on the beach and is a typical record of the view.

Taking better pictures - Canon

In this picture shooting from a lower position and adding elements (the pillars and the stones) with the rule-of-thirds in mind (see The rule of thirds), makes a much more interesting Composition.

The tilt touchscreen makes it easy to view and shoot scenes from lower or higher angles so you can capture shots you might never otherwise see.

Learn to see differently

Adding interest to your images is the first step to improving your photography. Start to notice how different elements make up your pictures and ask yourself, "How can I improve this image?"

Look for interesting shapes and lines of perspective that will draw the eye into the picture; placing key subjects off centre is generally considered more aesthetic.

Taking better pictures - Canon

When taking pictures of people try positioning them to one side of the picture. Having them off-centre makes for a more pleasing Composition.

A great way to see differently is by changing your position, try crouching down or moving around your subject until you find an angle that interests you. Zoom in to isolate interesting detail and remove distracting elements, or zoom out to add drama and context.

To make engaging photos, combine objects and structures in the image. You could include people to add additional features to your picture (see Add a sense of scale).

Taking better pictures - Canon

Zooming in on the architectural detailing made for an interesting image but waiting for a pedestrian to walk through provided an additional focus to the picture.

Be aware of distracting elements such as cranes, signs and litter, which may detract from your subject. View the scene before pressing the shutter, check your images on your camera's screen and have another go if you are not happy (see Leading and vanishing lines).

Use the weather conditions. Bright sunshine is great for vibrant colours but grey, misty or even rainy days can also provide engaging images. If there are clouds try changing your view to include more sky. Think about detail and textures more when it's overcast.

Good things come to those who wait

Waiting for a pedestrian with an umbrella to walk through your rainy scene or a flock of birds to add interest to your sky can put a real finesse to your photos. You won't always get the perfect image but by putting a little thought into images and analysing afterwards you are well on your way to seeing like a photographer.

Taking better pictures - Canon

Framing the building inside the silhouetted tree branches focuses the attention in the middle of the picture and adds further interest to the sky.

What is Composition?

Composition describes the arrangement of elements in a photograph. It can be hugely important in making your photos stand out from the crowd. There are many Composition techniques but the most simple is to change your distance from your subject, or use your zoom.

The rule of thirds

Think of it as a guide to composing your photos. You can turn on the gridlines in the settings menu and take pictures with your subjects aligned on one of the lines or at the points that the lines intersect.

Add a sense of scale

Including figures in your images can add a real sense of scale, especially to wide-open scenes such as landscapes or architectural shots. Our eye will automatically be drawn to figures so consider where they are in your Composition when you press the shutter.

Leading and vanishing lines

See how a path snakes up to a building or a handrail curves out of sight? Adding lines of perspective that lead into your picture draws the eye and can result in really interesting pictures.

Shoot, share and view with #MyNewCanon #Composition

Now you have read the article and have some new ideas, try them out! Use lots of different angles; you can always delete the ones you don't like. Set yourself the task of using one of the techniques we have discussed - the rule-of-thirds or leading lines, for instance.

If you don't want to wait until you are home, you can use the Wi-Fi and NFC (Android only) functions on your camera to review your pictures immediately on your smartphone or tablet. Then, pick the best ones and share them with other camera owners on the Facebook page. You might be surprised how good you already are!

Share your results

Send us your best photos demonstrating one or more of Composition techniques we have described in this guide; show how you’ve already improved as a photographer.