Establishing the scene and placing your subject in its natural context can make for a striking wildlife image. For this you would require a wide-angle lens. For smaller subjects, such as birds and even insects, shooting in extreme close-up will prove more effective as a final image, so your subject doesn't get lost in a wide shot. This would require a dedicated macro lens. Although it's not a macro lens, you could even use the Canon RF 100-400mm F5.6-8 IS USM
, which has a 0.41x magnification and close focusing capabilities that can produce images that are very close to macro shots.
Canon's current macro lenses tend to feature ‘hybrid image stabilisation', which corrects for both x-y shift as well as the more usual angular vibration. This makes them standout performers for handheld shooting of extreme close-ups. The Canon RF 35mm F1.8 IS Macro STM
and RF 85mm F2 Macro IS STM
lenses are prime examples, offering a 0.5x magnification factor for macro shots at their closest focus distances.
The beauty of a macro lens
is that it allows you to create photos that show something larger than we would normally see on screen or in print. You can show tiny insects as spectacular bug-eyed monsters or intricate details which would normally go unnoticed by the human eye.
If you're looking for the right lens for wildlife photography, why not check out our full guide
Written by Matthew Richards